SUSTAINABLE ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN

SUSTAINABLE ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN

Under the slogan of “building a sustainable future”, attracted more than 120 participants with no fewer than 34 nationalities. With the help of quite a few experts and fellow Student Session participants, the SB05 Student Session Organising Committee, a group of 29 students from 9 Japanese universities and 11 countries, has prepared this event with a range of activities such as Plenary Session on SB International Comparison, Design Workshop, Discussion- based Workshops, Activity-based Workshops, Poster Session and Walking Tours.

Along with the preparation for these activities, the Organisers for the Plenary Session on SB International Comparison and the Design Workshop have dreamed up the idea of publishing a Design Book with works of fellow international participants and some of the best examples of Sustainable Building in Japan. Accordingly, the Committee decided to publish this book to distribute to the participants of the SB05Tokyo Student Session and the SB05Tokyo main conference.

Lastly I would like to show my sincere appreciation for the architects and students from all over the world who have kindly provided us such a wonderful work of theirs. I truly hope this book could help inspire our fellow young architects and researchers, and could contribute to build a sustainable future.

The “heat island” phenomenon in the urban areas is worsening in a high speed. Tough there are few possible causes for this, the many artifi- cial materials covering the surface and the reduction of the latent heat flux, which is caused by the increase of the thermal storage and the decrease of the water-holding capacity, are thought to be the major causes.

For building sustainable city, the recovery of the green, such as farming land and timberland, and a creation of a comfortable environment is the most important factor. Different from the past age when architecture required an environmental sacrifice, in this century of the environment, an architectural design which lessens the burden on the environment by using natural energy and can also be sustainable to time is required.

The idea of this design book is to present those sustainable buildings such as, zero-emission refined building, passively designed energy-sav- ing building and green building that contributes to the protection of the organisms’ diversity and the recovery of the nature, which the Japanese architects have been introducing to the world. These buildings exist as, and will remain as the place of recreation and relaxation. I wish this book will serve as a useful reference for many students who will learn design from now on.

“Sustainability” must be a part of our daily life. Its magical attraction forms a part of the homoge – neous elements of the quintessential characteris- tics in any place on earth… crossing across immerse in hidden dimensions… floating around trying to let us discover its undeniable benefits.

This year, Japan was selected to be the host of
“The 2005 World Sustainable Building Conference”. We considered it important to share Japan’s sustainable new architectures but also to show examples from all over the globe.

Together with the 22 examples of sustainable buildings of japanese architects, we decided to publish in this booklet the works and researches about sustainability of the Student Session’s par- ticipants. Among the works, 32 entries were received from 17 different countries of the 5 con- tinents.

We are proud to present this “SUSTAINABLE BUILDING DESIGN” and we hope you can learn from the examples showed on it.

SUSTAINABLE DESIGN COURSE FOR FUTURE ARCHITECTS
Students design passive architectural forms after learning the theoretical course in Architectural insti- tute of FESTU last five years. Modification the microclimatic conditions of open and closed space using previously architectural forms (Interaction of architectural and landscape forms with wind and sun).
One group of students (20-25 people) will be learning green design principles in practice during next three years.

GREEN DESIGN STEPS FROM SIMPLE FORMS TO DIPLOMA DROUGHT INCLUDE:

  1. Direct gain of south facade only. First project with passive solar design – Settlement center (third year student projects, autumn). Passive solar design not compulsory, only for advanced students.
  2. Simple architectural form with wind-break and solar heating possibility (A). Covers for kindergarten for 10-12 children (third year student projects, spring). Compulsory practice in framework of theoret- ical course.
  3. Direct gain and natural ventilation of atrium space only. School for 250 pupils (four year student projects, autumn). Passive solar design not compulsory, only for advanced students.
  4. Passive heating and cooling, hot water and space heating by solar water collectors; wind-break design of building and site (B). Low store dwelling or Single family house (four year student projects, spring). Compulsory use all methods of passive and active solar design. May be natural construc – tions and plasters.
  5. Green design from passive and active solar heating to bionic exterior and interior imagine and”green” graphic style of documents. Public building – urban complex (five year student projects, autumn – spring). Green design not compulsory, only for advanced students.

After learning all green stages, advanced students will be ready for “Green diploma projects” (C), and future Green practice. The main part of diploma project besides draughts is the essay about Sustainable design principles.
There are three “green” graduate groups for the last five years: 2001, 2003, 2005 (June) – almost 60
students. And one group of 20 students will be in future – 2007, June.
All projects design for local climatic conditions of south Primorye, Russian Far East Winter: November – March, north-north-west wind 7-12 m/s, up to 15 – 18 m/s; temperature -12 -20 C in January ; November and March approximately – 8 +8 C; all season sunny weather. Cold sum- mer: April – June, south-east wind 5-7 m/s, up to 10 – 15 m/s; temperature +10 +16 C in June, up to +20 +22 C some sunny days; humidity 100%, usually cloudy. Summer: July – August, south-east wind 5-10 m/s, up to 15 – 20 m/s; temperature +20 +25 C, humidity 100%, usually rainy. Deviation direction of wind by hills (50 -150 m, up to 200 meters) may be 45 degrees.