The conventional building materials, steel and glass, are inorganic materials. Those inorganic materials do not bring any ecological benefits to the environment. For example, in the paper dome in Hannover, Germany, Shigeru Ban used a combination of paper, wood and steel as structural materials, in which recycled paper tubes are organic materials.

PHYSICAL ORGANIC INORGANICISM-There could be a new trend in ecological design that the inorganic nature of a building can be totally integrated with organic elements, an Organic – Inorganic Fusion by introduc – ing physical form of natural things, biological ecosystems and organic-inorganic composite building materials to Architecture. Such ecological typology could be referred as Organic – Inorganicism.

In my competition design Paper Egg, a finalist in an 8 million US dollars Chicago Environmental Centre Open Competition, the Inorganic-organism fusion is demonstrated. As a symbol of revitalizing a marshland that used to the homes of various kind of birds, a bird’s egg is used as the physical form of the architecture – a Physical Organic-Inorganism.It is a symbol of rebirth of the once flourished marshland. Natural evolution has given us the inherently strong shape of the egg, easily resisting the elements through its aerodynamic shape.

CHEMICAL ORGANIC INORGANICISM-Regarding the chemistry of a new building materials “Kenaf Glass”, the goal is to combine the benefit of organic and inorganic materials. Sick Buildings occur when there are enormous accumulation of allergens in the building interior, which grow with high humidity and insufficient sunlight. Kenaf is recognized as an environmentally friendly plant, since it absorbs the most CO2 and releases O2 among all plants. Its fibres are strong, the porous nature facilitates interior/exterior air flow and resolve toxins.

BIOLOGICAL ORGANIC INORGANICISM-Can architecture design for all species: humans, plants and animals? Ecological Box, Ruang Kapal (2004), suggests the integration of human space and green/bird breeding spaces in one building. Architecture should mean more than just taking resources, land, water from nature, but giving back to the environment. Ecological Architecture should have positive impact on the land, improving the bio- diversity of the surrounding. In my project Ecological Boxes, a unit housing for single person, two boxes are piled up together. The concept is that these boxes are self-sufficient as the wastewater reuse systems are proposed. Wastewater will be purified to become drinking water, and natural lighting would be collected by solar panels to generate electricity needed for everyday use. Consequently, any electric, water or sewer pipelines are unnec – essary. The exterior outdoor space is for planters and animal species. The planters would spread their seeds onto the neighboring land, enhancing the bio-diversity of the area. Although the original idea of the project was not realized due to the minimal budget, this housing serves as a prototype for future ecological architecture.